Sampling leaf guide africa tissue south

Techniques and Procedures SpringerLink

Leaf and Soil Analysis Olives South Africa

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

ELISA sample preparation guide Abcam. As already stated, the criteria of critical levels or sufficiency ranges generally depend on norms for diagnosis derived from an specific plant tissue part and age, and classifies the plants based solely in the leaf nutrient concentration (leaf nutrient content/ leaf dry matter). Thus, the plant growth stage for leaf sampling is an essential factor for the application of both methods, and, 28/02/2011 · The Cape region of South Africa is one of the most remarkable hotspots of biodiversity with a flora comprising more than 9000 plant species, almost 70% of which are endemic, within an area of only ± 90,000 km2. Much of the diversity is due to an exceptionally large contribution of just a few clades that radiated substantially within this region, but little is ….

Medicinal plants used for the treatment of various skin

Sunflower California. Leaf/Tissue Sampling. Leaf samples are taken by the PCA sometime from August through October for nutrition analysis. For this study, one sample per 10 acres is taken. Soil Amendments. Beginning in the fifth year, soluble gypsum is applied through the drip lines during each irrigation. A total of one-ton per acre per year is applied each season, 26/02/2015 · Aloe vera supports a substantial global trade yet its wild origins, and explanations for its popularity over 500 related Aloe species in one of the world’s largest succulent groups, have remained uncertain. We developed an explicit phylogenetic framework to explore links between the rich traditions of medicinal use and leaf succulence in aloes..

looking area. This is considered diagnostic sampling and could be used to correct some in-season deficiencies. Consult with your soil and plant tissue laboratory for guidelines when sampling at other growth stages. It is more efficient to assess soil sample results in the spring prior to planting and ensure the Sampling for plant tissue analysis . New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service, Guide A-123. Franzen, D., 2016. Fertilizing sunflower. North Dakota State University Extension Service SF713 (Revised).

traditional medicinal market in Johannesburg, South Africa Zinhle C. Manda, Dorcas M. Lekganyaneand Michelle van der Bank African Centre for DNA Barcoding (ACDB), Department of Botany & Plant Biotechnology, University of Johannesburg, P. O. Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa. Figure 2: A) The conservation status of Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Genetically modified crops have been commercially available since the mid-nineties. Due to opposing views on genetically modified crops, laws governing importation of these crops varies. AOCS provides Certified Reference Materials for labs to test for the presence of genetically modified traits.

As already stated, the criteria of critical levels or sufficiency ranges generally depend on norms for diagnosis derived from an specific plant tissue part and age, and classifies the plants based solely in the leaf nutrient concentration (leaf nutrient content/ leaf dry matter). Thus, the plant growth stage for leaf sampling is an essential factor for the application of both methods, and Sampling for plant tissue analysis . New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service, Guide A-123. Franzen, D., 2016. Fertilizing sunflower. North Dakota State University Extension Service SF713 (Revised).

Leaf samples should be taken annually from the same trees (mark trees with paint). Mature 5 to 7-month-old leaves behind fruit on fruiting stem are picked for leaf sampling Soil analysis. A soil-analysis report of a certain orchard can only be reliable if the soil samples which are analysed are representative of the particular orchard. Here we present, and contrast two protocols used to decellularize plant tissues: a detergent-based approach and a detergent-free approach. Both methods leave behind the extracellular matrix of the plant tissues used, which can then be utilized as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. The

Pecan Production Guidelines For Small Orchards And Home Yards Robert E. Call Richard Gibson Michael W. Kilby This information has been reviewed by university faculty. Eucalypts are now of great importance commercially in other countries, particularly South Africa, China, India and Brazil and to a lesser extent in central and northern Africa and in Mediterranean countries. They have many advantages apart from the timber and fibre which are the basis of huge paper industries. Eucalypts are also notable for

of leaf 3 is sampled for tissue analysis. However, samples of the central vein of leaf 3 and the petiole of leaf 7 are also used. The laminar structure of leaf 3 is sampled by removing a strip of 26/02/2015 · Aloe vera supports a substantial global trade yet its wild origins, and explanations for its popularity over 500 related Aloe species in one of the world’s largest succulent groups, have remained uncertain. We developed an explicit phylogenetic framework to explore links between the rich traditions of medicinal use and leaf succulence in aloes.

the variation in leaf, flower and fruit size. It may be important to show morphological variation, involving the collection of individuals of different sizes or ages. Collect at least two sets of specimens (duplicates) and number each set. Keep one set for your reference, and send the duplicate numbered set to the Herbarium for identification or as a voucher if required. The … Total nitrogen analysis of leaves, and in some cases, leaves plus petioles, is used extensively in France and other European countries and also in South Africa and Australia. I have found it to be far more reliable than petiole-nitrate analysis. The vineyardist should also rely on what his vines tell him: lush growth indicates excess nitrogen

Eucalypts are now of great importance commercially in other countries, particularly South Africa, China, India and Brazil and to a lesser extent in central and northern Africa and in Mediterranean countries. They have many advantages apart from the timber and fibre which are the basis of huge paper industries. Eucalypts are also notable for Representatives of 106 out of the 123 currently recognized mesemb genera were sampled in this study; the majority were collected in South Africa during 2008 and 2009, and stored in silica gel. To provide as complete a sampling as possible, accessions were taken from GenBank for genera for which we did not have silica-dried material, in addition to outgroup species (Appendix 1 …

Véraison (50 percent of berries colored) – Collect 60 to 100 petioles and/or leaf blades in pairs – one opposite cluster and one from a recently expanded leaf from each vine sampled. Treat as outlined above. Interpretation of tissue nutrient test results. Table 1 provides a guide for interpreting tissue nutrient concentrations for Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Genetically modified crops have been commercially available since the mid-nineties. Due to opposing views on genetically modified crops, laws governing importation of these crops varies. AOCS provides Certified Reference Materials for labs to test for the presence of genetically modified traits.

Techniques and Procedures SpringerLink

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

About eucalypts. 26/02/2015 · Aloe vera supports a substantial global trade yet its wild origins, and explanations for its popularity over 500 related Aloe species in one of the world’s largest succulent groups, have remained uncertain. We developed an explicit phylogenetic framework to explore links between the rich traditions of medicinal use and leaf succulence in aloes., The Extract-N-Amp kits are designed to rapidly extract and amplify genomic DNA. The plant tissue version of these kits has been optimized to amplify without concern over plant inhibitors. This technical document will discuss the versions of this kit that are available and help you find the best kit suited for your needs..

Leaf Analysis and Soil Testing for Plantation Tree Crops. Comparative Plant & Fungal Biology, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey, United Kingdom Table 1 Accession data of samples used in the museomic study of Aloidendron and related genera. To extract total genomic DNA from living plants, ∼0.2 g of …, As already stated, the criteria of critical levels or sufficiency ranges generally depend on norms for diagnosis derived from an specific plant tissue part and age, and classifies the plants based solely in the leaf nutrient concentration (leaf nutrient content/ leaf dry matter). Thus, the plant growth stage for leaf sampling is an essential factor for the application of both methods, and.

Two Methods for Decellularization of Plant Tissues for

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

6. ORCHARD MANAGEMENT AND PLANT HUSBANDRY. Banana Production - English BANANA PRODUCTION. BANANA PRODUCTION I Compiled by Directorate Communication National Department of Agriculture and W. Willemse, KwaZulu-Natal Department of Agriculture llustrations by L. Herbst, Mjindi Farming (Pty) Ltd Text revised by ARC-Institute for Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Nelspruit Tel (013) 753-7000. 2008 Printed and … https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soybean_rust Most orchards in the Region are dependent on regular rainfall, with irrigation either too expensive or not available. Research has shown that drought can affect growth and fruit production in South Africa and Australia, but its importance in Asia has not been measured. Mulching and cover crops can assist water conservation, however, it is.

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa


midwest laboratories, inc. • 13611 b street • omaha, ne 68144 • 402-334-7770 • fax 402-334-9121 sampling guide for plant tissue analysis and tissue sampling) are discussed in relation to nutrient management, but for more comprehensive recommendations, additional extension publications or a county extension agent should be consulted. Nutrient application should be made on the basis of plant demand. Plant demand is a function of growth rate, growth stage (Table 1), climatic condi-tions, and cultivar. …

Here we present, and contrast two protocols used to decellularize plant tissues: a detergent-based approach and a detergent-free approach. Both methods leave behind the extracellular matrix of the plant tissues used, which can then be utilized as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. The Leaf/Tissue Sampling. Leaf samples are taken by the PCA sometime from August through October for nutrition analysis. For this study, one sample per 10 acres is taken. Soil Amendments. Beginning in the fifth year, soluble gypsum is applied through the drip lines during each irrigation. A total of one-ton per acre per year is applied each season

19/07/2013 · In South Africa, the majority of people especially in rural communities still depend, to a large extent, on medicinal plants to treat skin disorders [14-20]. This is not surprising, as South Africa is home to over 24, 000 higher plants species with approximately 3000 plant species been recorded by various cultural groups as part of their materia medica [ 21 ]. and tissue sampling) are discussed in relation to nutrient management, but for more comprehensive recommendations, additional extension publications or a county extension agent should be consulted. Nutrient application should be made on the basis of plant demand. Plant demand is a function of growth rate, growth stage (Table 1), climatic condi-tions, and cultivar. …

The nutrient content of plants provides reliable information on their nutritional status at the date of sampling, thus giving a guide not only to any supplementary fertilizer needs of the current crop but also to the probable requirements of future crops. Although it is more costly than soil testing and needs more care in the handling of samples, this method is growing in importance Representatives of 106 out of the 123 currently recognized mesemb genera were sampled in this study; the majority were collected in South Africa during 2008 and 2009, and stored in silica gel. To provide as complete a sampling as possible, accessions were taken from GenBank for genera for which we did not have silica-dried material, in addition to outgroup species (Appendix 1 …

Soil analysis prior to planting can be used to predict responses to applied phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium and sulphur fertiliser. Whereas tissue analysis during the growing season provides a more accurate guide to a crop’s nutrient status and the likelihood of nutrient disorders or deficiencies, particularly of micronutrients. 26/02/2015 · Aloe vera supports a substantial global trade yet its wild origins, and explanations for its popularity over 500 related Aloe species in one of the world’s largest succulent groups, have remained uncertain. We developed an explicit phylogenetic framework to explore links between the rich traditions of medicinal use and leaf succulence in aloes.

Other producers include South Africa, Guatemala, Kenya, Costa Rica, Malawi, Brazil, Mexico, New Zealand and China. About 2000 acres are planted in the San Diego area. Although not all plants have begun bearing, Southern California growers produced about 150,000 lb (in-shell) of rough-shell macadamia nuts in 1988 at a farmgate price of The nutrient content of plants provides reliable information on their nutritional status at the date of sampling, thus giving a guide not only to any supplementary fertilizer needs of the current crop but also to the probable requirements of future crops. Although it is more costly than soil testing and needs more care in the handling of samples, this method is growing in importance

Leaf tissue analyses provide excellent information to guide a grove’s fertilization program. Late December through to early February are the months to take olive leaf samples for analyses of the grove’s nutrient status in the Summer rainfall areas. midwest laboratories, inc. • 13611 b street • omaha, ne 68144 • 402-334-7770 • fax 402-334-9121 sampling guide for plant tissue analysis

and tissue sampling) are discussed in relation to nutrient management, but for more comprehensive recommendations, additional extension publications or a county extension agent should be consulted. Nutrient application should be made on the basis of plant demand. Plant demand is a function of growth rate, growth stage (Table 1), climatic condi-tions, and cultivar. … ussr, yugoslavia, australia, usa, canada, south africa, tanzania, italy and spain. true lavender for perfume is mainly cultivated in europe, especially france. lavandin is mostly cultivated in spain, france, italy, the Balkan peninsula, aus-tralia and tasmania. in recent years Bulgaria has become a major producer.

Véraison (50 percent of berries colored) – Collect 60 to 100 petioles and/or leaf blades in pairs – one opposite cluster and one from a recently expanded leaf from each vine sampled. Treat as outlined above. Interpretation of tissue nutrient test results. Table 1 provides a guide for interpreting tissue nutrient concentrations for 20/10/2017 · Disease emergence events regularly result from human activities such as agriculture, which frequently brings large populations of genetically uniform hosts into contact with potential pathogens.

Frontiers Museomics Clarifies the Classification of. this leaf tissue analysis kit is for one sample. the sample will test the below nutrients. plant foliar package - includes total nitrogen and sulphur with n:s ratio, total phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium, copper, manganese, zinc, iron and boron., oxalis are known, one in south america and the other in southern africa [13, 14]. approximately 220 oxalis species and about 270 taxa [8, 15] have been recorded from southern africa, with more than 90 % of these species endemic to south africa [16]. within southern africa, oxalis is by far the most diverse and has the).

Sample costs to establish an orange orchard and produce oranges under low volume irrigation in the Southern San Joaquin Valley are presented in this study. This study is intended as a guide only, and can be used to make production decisions, determine potential returns, prepare budgets and evaluate production loans. Practices This leaf tissue analysis kit is for one sample. The sample will test the below nutrients. PLANT FOLIAR PACKAGE - Includes Total Nitrogen and Sulphur with N:S Ratio, Total Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Copper, Manganese, Zinc, Iron and Boron.

This leaf tissue analysis kit is for one sample. The sample will test the below nutrients. PLANT FOLIAR PACKAGE - Includes Total Nitrogen and Sulphur with N:S Ratio, Total Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Copper, Manganese, Zinc, Iron and Boron. 19/07/2013В В· In South Africa, the majority of people especially in rural communities still depend, to a large extent, on medicinal plants to treat skin disorders [14-20]. This is not surprising, as South Africa is home to over 24, 000 higher plants species with approximately 3000 plant species been recorded by various cultural groups as part of their materia medica [ 21 ].

This leaf tissue analysis kit is for one sample. The sample will test the below nutrients. PLANT FOLIAR PACKAGE - Includes Total Nitrogen and Sulphur with N:S Ratio, Total Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium, Calcium, Copper, Manganese, Zinc, Iron and Boron. Most orchards in the Region are dependent on regular rainfall, with irrigation either too expensive or not available. Research has shown that drought can affect growth and fruit production in South Africa and Australia, but its importance in Asia has not been measured. Mulching and cover crops can assist water conservation, however, it is

Eucalypts are now of great importance commercially in other countries, particularly South Africa, China, India and Brazil and to a lesser extent in central and northern Africa and in Mediterranean countries. They have many advantages apart from the timber and fibre which are the basis of huge paper industries. Eucalypts are also notable for Here we present, and contrast two protocols used to decellularize plant tissues: a detergent-based approach and a detergent-free approach. Both methods leave behind the extracellular matrix of the plant tissues used, which can then be utilized as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. The

Comparative Plant & Fungal Biology, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey, United Kingdom Table 1 Accession data of samples used in the museomic study of Aloidendron and related genera. To extract total genomic DNA from living plants, ∼0.2 g of … Here we present, and contrast two protocols used to decellularize plant tissues: a detergent-based approach and a detergent-free approach. Both methods leave behind the extracellular matrix of the plant tissues used, which can then be utilized as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. The

Véraison (50 percent of berries colored) – Collect 60 to 100 petioles and/or leaf blades in pairs – one opposite cluster and one from a recently expanded leaf from each vine sampled. Treat as outlined above. Interpretation of tissue nutrient test results. Table 1 provides a guide for interpreting tissue nutrient concentrations for midwest laboratories, inc. • 13611 b street • omaha, ne 68144 • 402-334-7770 • fax 402-334-9121 sampling guide for plant tissue analysis

28/02/2011 · The Cape region of South Africa is one of the most remarkable hotspots of biodiversity with a flora comprising more than 9000 plant species, almost 70% of which are endemic, within an area of only ± 90,000 km2. Much of the diversity is due to an exceptionally large contribution of just a few clades that radiated substantially within this region, but little is … The Extract-N-Amp kits are designed to rapidly extract and amplify genomic DNA. The plant tissue version of these kits has been optimized to amplify without concern over plant inhibitors. This technical document will discuss the versions of this kit that are available and help you find the best kit suited for your needs.

Herbivory in some Nicotiana species is known to induce alkaloid production. This study examined herbivore-induced defenses in the nornicotine-rich African tobacco N. africana, the only Nicotiana species indigenous to Africa. We tested the predictions that: 1) N. africana will have high constitutive levels of leaf, flower and nectar alkaloids; 2 The nutrient content of plants provides reliable information on their nutritional status at the date of sampling, thus giving a guide not only to any supplementary fertilizer needs of the current crop but also to the probable requirements of future crops. Although it is more costly than soil testing and needs more care in the handling of samples, this method is growing in importance

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

Evolutionary history and leaf succulence as explanations

Yara analytical services Yara UK. this guide is intended to be an educational resource. these are general guidelines for preparing commonly tested samples for use in elisa assays. as with all aspects of assay development, optimum sample preparation procedures will vary depending on the target and assay of interest. it is always good practice to consult the literature for, 01/03/2017в в· a wide range of generic, specialised and innovative techniques, and procedures used by local nematologists for their research on nematodes (plant-parasitic and non-parasitic), are presented. practical approaches to identify damage symptoms caused by plant-parasitic nematodes on crop plants as well as sampling and storing of nematode samples are); this leaf tissue analysis kit is for one sample. the sample will test the below nutrients. plant foliar package - includes total nitrogen and sulphur with n:s ratio, total phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium, copper, manganese, zinc, iron and boron., the variation in leaf, flower and fruit size. it may be important to show morphological variation, involving the collection of individuals of different sizes or ages. collect at least two sets of specimens (duplicates) and number each set. keep one set for your reference, and send the duplicate numbered set to the herbarium for identification or as a voucher if required. the вђ¦.

Certified Reference Materials (CRMs)

Monosaccharide analysis of succulent leaf tissue in Aloe. banana production - english banana production. banana production i compiled by directorate communication national department of agriculture and w. willemse, kwazulu-natal department of agriculture llustrations by l. herbst, mjindi farming (pty) ltd text revised by arc-institute for tropical and subtropical crops, nelspruit tel (013) 753-7000. 2008 printed and вђ¦, sampling for plant tissue analysis . new mexico state university cooperative extension service, guide a-123. franzen, d., 2016. fertilizing sunflower. north dakota state university extension service sf713 (revised).).

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

Leaf Tissue Analysis Kit Agrigem Ltd

Sunflower California. 26/02/2015в в· aloe vera supports a substantial global trade yet its wild origins, and explanations for its popularity over 500 related aloe species in one of the worldвђ™s largest succulent groups, have remained uncertain. we developed an explicit phylogenetic framework to explore links between the rich traditions of medicinal use and leaf succulence in aloes., midwest laboratories, inc. вђў 13611 b street вђў omaha, ne 68144 вђў 402-334-7770 вђў fax 402-334-9121 sampling guide for plant tissue analysis).

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

Medicinal plants used for the treatment of various skin

Geometagenomics illuminates the impact of agriculture on. vг©raison (50 percent of berries colored) вђ“ collect 60 to 100 petioles and/or leaf blades in pairs вђ“ one opposite cluster and one from a recently expanded leaf from each vine sampled. treat as outlined above. interpretation of tissue nutrient test results. table 1 provides a guide for interpreting tissue nutrient concentrations for, herbivory in some nicotiana species is known to induce alkaloid production. this study examined herbivore-induced defenses in the nornicotine-rich african tobacco n. africana, the only nicotiana species indigenous to africa. we tested the predictions that: 1) n. africana will have high constitutive levels of leaf, flower and nectar alkaloids; 2).

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

Leaf Tissue Analysis Kit Agrigem Ltd

About eucalypts. sampling for plant tissue analysis . new mexico state university cooperative extension service, guide a-123. franzen, d., 2016. fertilizing sunflower. north dakota state university extension service sf713 (revised)., here we present, and contrast two protocols used to decellularize plant tissues: a detergent-based approach and a detergent-free approach. both methods leave behind the extracellular matrix of the plant tissues used, which can then be utilized as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. the).

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

The phylogenetic significance of leaf anatomical traits of

SUNFLOWER FERTILITY. 19/07/2013в в· in south africa, the majority of people especially in rural communities still depend, to a large extent, on medicinal plants to treat skin disorders [14-20]. this is not surprising, as south africa is home to over 24, 000 higher plants species with approximately 3000 plant species been recorded by various cultural groups as part of their materia medica [ 21 ]., other producers include south africa, guatemala, kenya, costa rica, malawi, brazil, mexico, new zealand and china. about 2000 acres are planted in the san diego area. although not all plants have begun bearing, southern california growers produced about 150,000 lb (in-shell) of rough-shell macadamia nuts in 1988 at a farmgate price of).

Here we present, and contrast two protocols used to decellularize plant tissues: a detergent-based approach and a detergent-free approach. Both methods leave behind the extracellular matrix of the plant tissues used, which can then be utilized as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. The As already stated, the criteria of critical levels or sufficiency ranges generally depend on norms for diagnosis derived from an specific plant tissue part and age, and classifies the plants based solely in the leaf nutrient concentration (leaf nutrient content/ leaf dry matter). Thus, the plant growth stage for leaf sampling is an essential factor for the application of both methods, and

Pecan Production Guidelines For Small Orchards And Home Yards Robert E. Call Richard Gibson Michael W. Kilby This information has been reviewed by university faculty. Full sampling guide included. Every sample pack has clear and concise information on how to take a representative sample. How easy is it to understand the results ? Analytical data on its own is meaningless if the information is not understandable. Crop specific interpretation

19/07/2013В В· In South Africa, the majority of people especially in rural communities still depend, to a large extent, on medicinal plants to treat skin disorders [14-20]. This is not surprising, as South Africa is home to over 24, 000 higher plants species with approximately 3000 plant species been recorded by various cultural groups as part of their materia medica [ 21 ]. Introduction. The succulent leaf mesophyll in Aloe species supports a burgeoning natural products industry, particularly in Africa. Comparative data necessary to prioritise species with economic potential have been lacking.

midwest laboratories, inc. • 13611 b street • omaha, ne 68144 • 402-334-7770 • fax 402-334-9121 sampling guide for plant tissue analysis Leaf samples should be taken annually from the same trees (mark trees with paint). Mature 5 to 7-month-old leaves behind fruit on fruiting stem are picked for leaf sampling Soil analysis. A soil-analysis report of a certain orchard can only be reliable if the soil samples which are analysed are representative of the particular orchard.

Leaf tissue analyses provide excellent information to guide a grove’s fertilization program. Late December through to early February are the months to take olive leaf samples for analyses of the grove’s nutrient status in the Summer rainfall areas. Full sampling guide included. Every sample pack has clear and concise information on how to take a representative sample. How easy is it to understand the results ? Analytical data on its own is meaningless if the information is not understandable. Crop specific interpretation

Total nitrogen analysis of leaves, and in some cases, leaves plus petioles, is used extensively in France and other European countries and also in South Africa and Australia. I have found it to be far more reliable than petiole-nitrate analysis. The vineyardist should also rely on what his vines tell him: lush growth indicates excess nitrogen midwest laboratories, inc. • 13611 b street • omaha, ne 68144 • 402-334-7770 • fax 402-334-9121 sampling guide for plant tissue analysis

and tissue sampling) are discussed in relation to nutrient management, but for more comprehensive recommendations, additional extension publications or a county extension agent should be consulted. Nutrient application should be made on the basis of plant demand. Plant demand is a function of growth rate, growth stage (Table 1), climatic condi-tions, and cultivar. … the variation in leaf, flower and fruit size. It may be important to show morphological variation, involving the collection of individuals of different sizes or ages. Collect at least two sets of specimens (duplicates) and number each set. Keep one set for your reference, and send the duplicate numbered set to the Herbarium for identification or as a voucher if required. The …

leaf tissue sampling guide south africa

Techniques and Procedures SpringerLink

Journal of the Siam Society 2011-2016. Quick links to other JSS archives. 1904-1910 Chris Baker: PDF: Note on the Testimonies and the Description Shogunate: Iwamoto Yoshiteru and Simon James Bytheway: PDF: Symbolism in city planning in Cambodia from Angkor to Phnom Penh: Martin Stuart-Fox and Paul Reeve: PDF: Geomagnetism and the Martin and baker 2011 pdf PDF On Jan 1, 2007, O. Erdur-Baker and others published Cyber bullying: A new face of peer bullying There are studies in the literature that support this finding ( Ayas and Horzum, 2011; Erdur-Baker and KavЕџut, 2007; Makri Botsari and Karagianni, 2014).